Dictionary (Indian to American) for Indian Food

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Have you been wondering what the various Indian Food ingredients are called in English (in USA)? Well, your search ends here. Here's a list of common Indian food items translated from their original Indian (Hindi) names to their English (American) names:

 

(This is from Niru Gupta's excellent cookbook: Cooking the U.P. way)

 

 Adrak -- Fresh Ginger

 

 Ajwain -- Carum/ Thymol

 

 Amchoor -- Mango Powder

 

 Amiya/ Kairi -- Green Mangoes

 

 Amrood -- Guava

 

 Anjeer -- Figs

 

 Arbi -- Colacosia

 

 Arhar Daal -- Yellow Lentils

 

 Badaam -- Almond

 

 Badi Elaichi -- Black Cardamom

 

 Baingan -- Eggplant/ Brinjal/ Aubergine

 

 Bajra -- Millet

 

 Bathua -- Pigweed

 

 Besan -- Chickpea / Gram Flour

 

 Bhindi -- Okra/ Ladies' Fingers

 

 Channa Daal -- Husked Bengal Gram

 

 Chhilke wali Urad -- Split Black Gram

 

 Chhoti Elaichi -- Green Cardamoms

 

 Chote Tamattar -- Cherry Tomatoes

 

 Daal -- Lentils (Pulses)

 

 Dahi -- Yogurt (Curds)

 

 Dalchini -- Cinnamon

 

 Deghi Mirch -- Chilli Powder

 

 Dhania -- Corriander

 

 Dhuli Moong -- Husked Green Gram

 

 Dhuli Urad -- Husked Black Gram

 

 Frans Bean ke Beej -- Bnavy Beans/ Haricot Beans

 

 Frans Beans -- French Beans/ String Beans

 

 Gajar -- Carrots

 

 Genhu -- Wheat

 

 Ghiya/ Lauki -- Bottle Gourd/ Marrow

 

 Guar ki Phalli -- Green Beans

 

 Gulgul -- Lemon

 

 Gur -- Jaggery

 

 Haldi -- Turmeric

 

 Hara Pyaaz -- Spring Onions (Scallions)

 

 Hari Saunf -- Aniseed

 

 Heeng -- Asafoetida

 

 Imli -- Tamarind

 

 Jaiphal -- Nutmeg

 

 Jau -- Barley

 

 Javitri -- Mace

 

 Jeera -- Cumin

 

 Jimikand -- Yam

 

 Kabuli Chana -- Chickpea

 

 Kachnaar -- Bauhinia

 

 Kaddu/ Sitaphal -- Pumpkin

 

 Kaju -- Cashew Nuts

 

 Kala Channa -- Whole Bengal Gram (Horse Gram)

 

 Kala Namak -- Black Rock Salt

 

 Kala/ Shah Jeera -- Black Cumin

 

 Kalonji -- Nigella/ Onion Seeds

 

 Kamal Kakri/ Bhein -- Lotus Root

 

 Karaunda -- Carissa Carandas

 

 Karela -- Bitter Gourd

 

 Kathal -- Jackfruit

 

 Keema -- Mince Meat

 

 Kesar/ Zafran -- Saffron

 

 Kewra -- Vetiver

 

 Khajoor -- Dates

 

 Khira -- Cucumber

 

 Khoya -- Thickened Milk

 

 Khurmani -- Apricot

 

 Khus Khus -- Poppy Seeds

 

 Kishmish -- Raisins

 

 Lahsan -- Garlic

 

 Lassi -- Buttermilk

 

 Laung -- Cloves

 

 Lobhia -- Black-eyed beans

 

 Machchli -- Fish

 

 Maida -- Refined Flour

 

 Makhana -- Lotus Seed

 

 Makki ka atta -- Cornmeal

 

 Malai -- Clotted Cream (top of milk)

 

 Matar -- Green Peas

 

 Methi -- Fenugreek

 

 Misri -- Rock Sugar

 

 Mooli -- Radish

 

 Moong -- Green Gram

 

 Moong Phalli -- Groundnuts/ Peanuts

 

 Moti Kutti Lal Mirch -- Coarsely Ground Red Pepper

 

 Murgh -- Chicken

 

 Nariyal -- Coconut

 

 Nariyal ka Burada -- Dessicated Coconut

 

 Nimbu -- Sour Lime

 

 Nimbu ka Sat -- Citric Acid

 

 Palak -- Spinach

 

 Paneer -- Cottage Cheese

 

 Pattagobhi/ Bandgobhi -- Cabbage

 

 Phitkari -- Alum

 

 Phool Gobhi -- Cauliflower

 

 Pissi Kali Mirch -- Black Pepper Powder

 

 Pudina -- Mint

 

 Sabut Kali Mirch -- Black Peppercorns

 

 Sabut Masoor -- Egyptian Lentils

 

 Sabut Urad -- Black Gram Whole

 

 Safed Petha -- White Pumpkin/ Ash Ground

 

 Sarson -- Mustard Seeds

 

 Saunf -- Fennel Seeds

 

 Sem -- Broad Beans

 

 Shakarkandi -- Sweet Potato

 

 Simla Mirch/ Pahari Mirch -- Capsicum/ Bell Pepper

 

 Singhara -- Water Chestnut

 

 Sonth -- Dry Ginger

 

 Soojee -- Cream of Wheat (Semolina)

 

 Tej Patta -- Bay Leaves

 

 Til -- Sesame

 

 Tinda -- Round Gourd

 

 Torai - Rigde Gourd

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